M€ in open calls for proposals for a total Budget of 32.413 M€.
Grants for collaborative R&D Projects involving more than 2 independent entities established in 2 or more EU Member or Associated States, for the development of innovative products, services or processes.
Topic / Target >NMP.2012.4.1-3 Development of advances magnetic materials without, or with reduced use of, critical raw materials


Permanent magnets are essential e.g. in transport, wind energy and refrigeration applications, while externally controllable magnetic materials are being used in IT applications. Magnetic materials may require the use of critical raw materials which are increasingly sensitive to market distortions. Within the present call, the critical raw materials are the 14 priority ones given in the report ‘Critical Raw Materials for the EU’.16 In the light of possibly reduced levels of exports due to trade restrictions resulting in an uncertain longterm availability of these elements, there is a need to focus research on developing new magnetic materials without critical raw materials (or with drastically reduced quantities), without compromising their functional performance. Substituting magnetic materials and/or reducing the use of critical raw materials in view of the raw materials initiative17 has already been initiated, but finding high-performing magnetic materials is only in its infancy and further research is needed.

Research proposals should address the development of novel advanced magnetic materials that reduce the dependency on Critical Raw Materials. The proposed solution should show substantial improvement on their performances and/or on the elimination or drastic reduction of use of critical raw materials The nature of magnetism to be investigated could be, but is not limited to, carbon-based magnetism (e.g. in graphene and functionalised nanotubes),
molecular magnetism, interface- and defect- (impurities or structural defects) based magnetism, or magnetism in complex heterostructures or in magnetic fluids. New magnetic material with better characteristics, hard permanent magnets with a high energy product (high magnetisation and high coercivity) and soft permanent magnets with low coercivity, materials exhibiting half-metallicity or a high magnetocaloric effect and externally controllable magnets are included. The research should investigate how to reduce or substitute the quantities needed of scarce elements via modelling and material design improvements. Eco efficient production and recycling processes as integrated part of the material science and engineering research should be proposed to increase manufacturability and to reduce the total amount of critical raw material necessary. Estimates of cost comparisons should also be elaborated. Standardisation and/or the production of (certified) reference materials may also be addressed as an integrated part of the research proposal. The research should include test structures to validate the material properties and should also consider how to extend the life time of materials; an LCA should prove the targeted reduction in the use of critical raw materials. General device design is excluded.

In order to ensure industrial relevance and impact of the research effort, the active participation of industrial partners represents an added value to the activities and this will be reflected in the evaluation, under the criteria Implementation and Impact.


Start date: 20/07/2011
End date: 08/11/2011
Total budget
for this call: 124.000.000
In general, support for research projects carried out by consortia with, at least, 3 independent legal entities from 3 different Member States or Associated Countries, ranging from € 1,5 to 5 million and aiming at developing new knowledge, new technology, products, demonstration activities or common resources for research. Size, scope and internal organisation of projects can vary from field to field and from topic to topic. Projects will also be targeted to special groups such as SMEs and other smaller actors.
(CP - STREP) FP7-NMP-2012-SMALL-6 Small or medium-scale focused research projects

Raw materials

Raw materials are essential for the sustainable functioning of modern societies. Access to and affordability of mineral raw materials are crucial for the sound functioning of the EU's economy and the competitiveness of European industry. For this reason, this wok programme places renewed emphasis on raw materials: in particular, extraction and processing, reduction of waste and recycling.

The integration of knowledge and technologies of the three areas of research above is essential in order to speed up the transformation of European industry and its economy, while adopting a safe, socially responsible and sustainable approach. The research will focus on new applications and novel, step-change solutions responding to major challenges, including the RTD needs identified by the different European Technology Platforms.

This research should enable and sustain the knowledge-based transformation of current industrial sectors and the development of new science-based sectors through the integration of new knowledge from nano-, materials-, and production technologies in sectoral and crosssectoral applications. The RTD approaches and objectives applied by the partners should lead to results (products, processes, methods, etc) and impacts which must observe the guidelines of the sustainable development paradigm, namely the public health, worker safety, environmental protection and the societal dimensions, including governance concerns (public awareness and acceptance). Furthermore this research work must constitute an opportunity for Europe to consolidate the optimal normalisation and standards needed.

Several cross-cutting dimensions could be considered while handling the vast array of sectors and applications and could further inspire the emergence of topics:
− Transforming traditional industry, which faces the challenge of low-cost competition, as well as rapidly changing market expectations and behaviour. It should increase its productivity through new processes, high-added value products and new business models.
− Fostering scale-intensive and specialised suppliers industry through the adoption and integration of new advanced technologies thus enabling the improvement of its leadership in the global market.
− Promoting Science-based Industry which will play a key role in establishing a highvalue European industry. It will need the integration of most of the advanced technologies dealt with in Nanotechnologies, Materials and Production activities, enabling the development of new, high value, products and services, processes and even leading to new industries.
− Towards a sustainable supply industry is another key objective in supporting product and productivity innovation, especially for sectors with a large environmental impact.
Nano-sciences, Nano-technologies, Materials and New Production Technologies

The objective of this theme is to improve the competitiveness of European industry and generate knowledge to ensure its transformation from a resource-intensive to a knowledge-intensive industry, by generating step changes in knowledge and implementing decisive knowledge for new applications at the crossroads between different technologies and disciplines.

This will benefit both new, high-tech industries and higher-value, knowledge-based traditional industries, with a special focus to the appropriate dissemination of RTD results to SMEs.

These activities are primarily concerned with enabling technologies which impact all industrial sectors and many other Seventh Framework Programme themes.

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