Joint Research Centre (JRC): non-nuclear direct actions


Grants for direct activities of the Joint Research Centre to reinforce the analysis of policies, impact assessment or strategic intelligence about the trends on science and technology, among others.
Topic / Target >GARRI.5.2014 Ethics in Research: Promoting Integrity


DESCRIPTION


Specific challenge:
Research misconduct mainly became a focus of attention in the 1980's with a few publicised cases in the US. This progressively led to adoption of guidelines and codes of conduct by the scientific community as well as to the set-up of governmental structures. The complexity and diversity of research misconduct, amplified by the expansion of electronic communication still raises serious questions on the capacity of the actors concerned to adequately address the issue.

Scope:
As there is no single approach to address research misconduct, the proposals examine the pros and cons of different methods. Among others, the real benefit of IT tools shall be evaluated. Clear figures are required on the number and variety of allegations in EU and other OECD countries, including the percentage of cases where original suspicion is confirmed and leads to some form of sanctions. Additionally, the in-depth study of representative cases shall bring a socio-economic and a psychological dimension which is critical to the design of effective responses. It will also be crucial to assess the possibility to unify the codes, principles and methods at EU and international level. The options to support the self-regulation mechanisms with an adapted legal framework shall also be studied.

The Commission considers that proposals requesting a contribution from the EU of the order of EUR 2 million would allow this specific challenge to be addressed appropriately. Nonetheless, this does not preclude submission and selection of proposals requesting other amounts.

Expected impact:
In the short term, the action will improve the adherence to high standards in research integrity and thereby increase the return on publicly funded research. It will also decrease the number of cases of malpractice and the number of fabrications and cases of false positives in research and innovation results. The action will encourage transparency and ensure reliable knowledge transfer and ethical spill-over from academia to industry. In the medium term, improved research integrity will increase public trust in science and scientists; and boost trust in holders of research-related degrees shall they pursue other community leader position in politics and economics. In the long term, future researchers will be conscious of ethical principles from their educational years. Thereby the number of beneficiaries carrying out action in accordance with principles of research integrity will increase.

 

H2020-GARRI-2014-1
Start date: 11/12/2013
End date: 02/10/2014
Total budget
for this call: 8,300,000
CALL
(CSA) H2020-GARRI-2014-1 Coordination & support action
Budget: EUR 2 million
FINANCING
INSTRUMENTS
TOPIC INCLUDED IN...
Developing governance for the advancement of responsible research and innovation

Science is a crucial element in the dynamic of societies. In our interconnected and globalised world, the impact of new scientific knowledge grows steadily. How to ensure that outcomes resulting from R&I will correspond to the needs of the various societal actors and be suitable for society in the long run? In order to do this, all societal actors (researchers, citizens, policy makers, business, third sector organisations etc.) must work together during the whole R&I process to align the R&I outcomes to the values, needs and expectations of European society is termed Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI).

In order to increase the relevance of research and innovation policies for society, policy makers and decision makers in funding bodies are invited to constantly adapt the governance framework so as to induce society-friendly, research and innovation.

In order to reach this objective, the activities of this call will aim at:
- Fostering Responsible Research and Innovation uptake in current research and innovations systems (including in industrial context);
- Underpinning activities related to Text and Data Mining (TDM), innovative approach to release and disseminate research results and measure their impact;
- Promoting ethics in research, including research integrity, reducing the risk of ethics dumping of non-ethical practices to non EU countries.
- Supporting the Science with and for Society National Contact Point (NCP) in Horizon 2020; and National Contact Point for quality standards and horizontal issues.

These activities are targeted to researchers and innovators, policy and decision makers at national, regional and local levels, higher education establishments, but also citizens (and their associations or groupings), science museums, media, artists, creative industries, etc.

The expected outcome of European Commission actions is to improve the uptake of Responsible Research and Innovation in governance frameworks, addressing the risks and benefits and the respect of fundamental European values.


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