Challenge 6 concentrates on the development of ICT to achieve substantial efficiency gains in the distribution and use of key resources such as energy and water, as well as the application of ICT to decarbonise transport and make it safer.
This incorporates the ICT contributions to the Public-Private Partnerships on Energy Efficient Buildings and on Green Cars: ICT for the fully electric vehicle.
It supports speedy progress towards the EU's energy and climate objectives for 2020 while simultaneously supporting existing and opening new business opportunities.
The main role of ICT is reducing resource consumption and CO2 emissions, in particular related to electricity and water distribution, the built environment, transport and logistics.
Particular attention is given to cities as platforms for innovation, encouraging the validation of integrated solutions in user-driven, open innovation environments.
The Challenge focuses on the following:
- Future electricity distribution grids fostering synergies between telecommunication and energy networks to increase automation and to improve coordination between production (including renewable sources), distribution and transmission. The focus is on data management and special attention is given to potential new business models for DSOs (Distribution Systems Operators).
- Data Centres in an energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly Internet. This addresses technologies and associated services to monitor energy consumption and automatically optimise power, cooling, computing, storage, and data transmission operations in function of energy consumption, environmental impact and cost policies. It also covers technologies for the integration of renewable energy sources and reuse of heat.
- Water resources management focuses on ICT-enabled demand-side management and resource efficiency solutions, in an integrated water resources management context. Special attention is given to improving ousehold awareness and modifying consumer behaviour as well as the corporate and government actions in response to demand modifications.
- Smart Cities. The aim is to integrate and validate ICT technologies and services in neighbourhoods to make progress towards carbon neutrality in cities. The idea is to develop ICT able to provide intelligence to electricity grids, to district heating and cooling grids, to storage and renewable energy sources from a single system point of view.
In addition to technical developments, attention is given to innovative service business models taking into account data security and privacy. Behavioural sciences are a core activity with a view not only to observing subjects but to soliciting innovative ideas from them.
This research will contribute to the Energy-Efficient Buildings Public-Private-Partnership launched in 2008 as part of the European Economic Recovery Plan and it is part of the Smart Cities initiative coordinated with Theme 5 (Energy).
- Co-operative mobility is the interconnection of users, vehicles and infrastructure that enables the creation and sharing of new kinds of information, leading to a better cooperation amongst mobility users.
Focus is on supervised automated driving for improving both the energy efficiency and safety of individual and public transport and on energy-efficient, safe and accessible services to enhance mobility of citizens.
- Electro-mobility: This objective contributes to the Public Private Partnership "European Green Car Initiative". Related to the fully electric vehicle, it addresses architectures for electronics in the car; and comprehensive energy management systems for its infrastructure integration.